(To download available publications, click on the title; indirmek için yayınlara tıklayınız)

Books and Edited Journal Issues:

5) Jennifer McCoy and Murat Somer, eds. Polarizing Polities: A Global Threat to Democracy, special issue of The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 61(1) (2019)

4) Jennifer McCoy and Murat Somer, eds. Polarization and Democracy: A Janus-Faced Relationship with Pernicious Consequences, special issue of American Behavioral Scientist 62(1) (2018)

3) Somer, Murat. Return to Point Zero: Turkey’s New Transition and the Turkish and Kurdish Question. (Forthcoming with SUNY Press)


2) Somer, Murat. Sosyal Demokratlar ve Türkiye’de Kürt Sorunu  (Social Democrats and the Kurdish Conflict in Turkey) (Ankara: Bencekitap, 2016)


1) Somer, Murat. Milada Dönüş: Ulus-Devletten Devlet-Ulusa Türk ve Kürt Meselesinin Üç İkilemi (Return to Point Zero: From Nation-State to State-Nation, the Three Dilemmas of the Turkish and Kurdish Question) (Istanbul: Koç University Press, 2015; 2. Print, 2016)


Kitap incelemesi ve basında haberler (Reviews and Press Coverage): Modus Operandi, Milliyet, Akşam, Turkish Studies, Radikal Kitap


Refereed Articles in ISI (Web of Science) Indexed Journals:

22) Somer, Murat and McCoy, Jennifer. “Transformations through Polarizations and Global Threats to Democracy The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 681 (1): 8-22 (January 2019)


21) McCoy, Jennifer and Somer, Murat. “Toward a Theory of Pernicious Polarization and How It Harms Democracies: Comparative Evidence and Possible Remedies,” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 681 (1): 234-271 (January 2019)


20) Somer, Murat. “Turkey: The Slippery Slope from Reformist to Revolutionary Polarization and Democratic Breakdown,” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 681 (1): 42-61 (January 2019) 


19) Somer, Murat and McCoy, Jennifer. “Déjà vu? Polarization and Endangered Democracies in the 21st Century,” American Behavioral Scientist 62 (1): 3-15 (2018)  


18) McCoy, Jennifer, Tahmina Rahman and Murat Somer. “Polarization and the Global Crisis of Democracy:  Common Patterns, Dynamics and Pernicious Consequences for Democratic Polities,” American Behavioral Scientist 62 (1): 16-42 (2018)  


17. Somer, Murat. “Conquering versus Democratizing the State: Political Islamists and Fourth Wave Democratization in Turkey and Tunisia,” Democratization 24 (6): 1025-1043    


16. Somer, Murat. “Understanding Turkey’s Democratic Breakdown: Old versus New and Indigenous versus Global Authoritarianism’ Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 16 (4): 481-503, Fall 2016.


15) Somer, Murat and Glüpker-Kesebir, Gitta. “Is Islam the Solution? Comparing Turkish Islamic and Secular Thinking toward Ethnic and Religious Minorities.” Journal of Church and State 58 (3): 529- 555  (Summer 2016) (first published online in 2015).


14) Somer, Murat. “Theory-Consuming or Theory-Producing?: Studying Turkey as a Theory-Developing Critical CaseTurkish Studies 15 (4): 571-588 (2014)


13) Somer, Murat. "Moderation of Religious and Secular Politics, A Country's 'Center' and Democratization," Democratization 21 (2): 244-267 (2014)


12) Somer, Murat. "Is Turkish Secularism Anti-Religious, Reformist, Separationist, Integrationist, or Simply Undemocratic?” Review Essay, Journal of Church and State 55 (3): 585–597 (August 2013)


11) Somer, Murat. “Does It Take Democrats to Democratize?: Lessons From Islamic and Secular Elite Values in TurkeyComparative Political Studies 44 (5): 511-545 (May 2011)


10) Somer, Murat. “Media Values and Democratization: What Unites and What Divides Religious-Conservative and Pro-Secular Elites,” Turkish Studies 11 (4): 555-577 (December 2010)


9) Somer, Murat and Liaras, Evangelos G. "Turkey’s New Kurdish Opening: Religious versus Secular Values” Middle  East Policy 17 (2): 152-165 (Summer 2010)


8) Somer, Murat. “Why Aren’t Kurds Like the Scots and the Turks Like the Brits? Moderation and Democracy in the Kurdish QuestionCooperation and Conflict 43 (2): 220-249 (June 2008)  (Please also see Erratum)


7) Somer, Murat. "Moderate Islam and Secularist Opposition in Turkey: Implications for the World, Muslims, and Secular Democracy" Third World Quarterly 28 (7): 1271-1289 (October 2007)


6) Somer, Murat. "Resurgence and Remaking of Identity: Civil Beliefs, Domestic and External Dynamics, and the Turkish Mainstream Discourse on Kurds." Comparative Political Studies 38 (6): 591-622 (August 2005)


5) Somer, Murat. “Defensive- vs. Liberal-Nationalist Perspectives on Diversity and Kurdish Conflict: Europeanization, the Internal Debate, and Türkiyelilik" New Perspectives on Turkey 32: 73-91. (2005)


4) Somer, Murat. “Failures of the Discourse of Ethnicity: Turkey, Kurds, and the Emerging IraqSecurity Dialogue 36 (1): 109-128 (March 2005)


3) Somer, Murat. "Turkey's Kurdish Conflict: Changing Context and Domestic and Regional Implications." Middle East Journal 58 (2): 235-253. Spring 2004


2) Somer, Murat. “Ethnic Kurds, Endogenous Identities, and Turkey’s Democratization and Integration with Europe Global Review of Ethnopolitics 1 (4): 74-93. June 2002


1) Somer, Murat. “Cascades of Ethnic Polarization: Lessons from YugoslaviaAnnals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 573: 127-151. January 2001



Book Chapters:


13) Somer, Murat. “Turkish Secularism: Looking Forward and Beyond the West,” in Matthew Whiting and Alpaslan Özerdem, eds, Routledge Handbook on Turkish Politics (Forthcoming in 2019).


12) Somer, Murat. “Political Islamists and Conquering versus Democratizing the State: Comparing Turkey and Tunisia and Conceptualizing Democratization,” in Mirjam Künkler and Julia Leininger, eds, Religious Actors in the Fourth Wave of Democratization: Constructive, Obstructive or Destructive? (Forthcoming)


11) Elbasani, Arolda and Somer, Murat. “Muslim Secularisms in the European Context: Comparing Turkey and Albania,” pp. 171-188 in Global Secularisms in a Post-Secular Age, Michael Rectenwald, Rochelle Almeida, and George Levine, eds. (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015)


10) Somer, Murat. “Whither with Secularism or Just Undemocratic Laiklik? The Evolution and Future of Secularism under the AKP,” pp. 23-49 in Valeria Talbot, ed, The Uncertain Path of the ‘New Turkey,’ (Milan: ISPI, Instituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale, 2015)


9) Somer, Murat. “Islamist Political Parties, the Turkish Case and the Future of Muslim Polities,” pp. 41-57 in Quinn Mecham and Julie Chernov Hwang (eds), Strategies and Behavior of Islamist Political Parties: Lessons from Asia and the Middle East (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014)


8) Somer, Murat. “The Janus-Faced Relation of Religious Non-State Actors and Human Security: Islamic and Secular Values in Turkey,” pp. 30-47 in James Wellman and Clark Lombardi, eds, Religion and Human Security (Oxford University Press: 2012)


7) Somer, Murat. “Kürt Meselesi'nde Dünü ve Bugünü Barış İçin Yorumlamak” (Interpreting the Past and Future of the Kurdish Question for Peace), pp. 15-81 in Konda Araştırma (Ed.), Kürt Meselesi'nde Algı ve Beklentiler (Perceptions and Expectations in the Kurdish Question) (Istanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 2011)

6) Somer, Murat. “Toward A Non-Standard Story: The Kurdish Question and the Headscarf, Nationalism, and Iraq,” in Ayşe Kadıoğlu and Fuat Keyman, eds, Symbiotic Antagonisms in Turkey: Sources, Discourses and Changing Nature of Turkish, Kurdish, and Islamic Nationalisms, pp. 253-288 (Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 2011)

5) Somer, Murat. “Democratization, Clashing Narratives, and ‘Twin Tolerations’ between Islamic-Conservative and Pro-Secular Actors,” pp. 28-47 in Marlies Casier and Joost Jongerden, eds, Nationalisms and Politics in Turkey: Political Islam, Kemalism and the Kurdish Issue (Routledge, 2010)

4) Somer, Murat and Tol, Gönül. “New Muslim Pluralism and Secular Democracy in Turkey and the EU,” pp. 95-111 in Elizabeth Prugl and Markus Thiel, eds.,  Diversity in the European Union (New York: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2009)


3) Somer, Murat. "Defensive- and Liberal Nationalisms, the Kurdish Question and Democratization" pp. 103-135 in E. Fuat Keyman, ed., Remaking Turkey: Globalization, Alternative Modernities, and Democracy (Oxford: Lexington Books, 2007)


2) Somer, Murat. "Ethnic Kurds, Rival and Compatible Definitions of Identities, and Turkey's Integration with the EU," pp. 331-349 in Armand Clesse and Seyfi Tashan, eds., Turkey and the European Union: 2004 and beyond (Dutch University Press, 2004)


1) Somer, Murat. “Ethnic and Regional Conflict,” pp. 173-196 in World at Risk: A Global Issues Sourcebook. New York: CQ Press: May 2002. (Selected “Outstanding Academic Title" for 2002 by Choice magazine, revised edition published in 2009)



Refereed Articles in non-ISI Indexed Journals, Invited Articles and Book Reviews:


7) Somer, Murat. Review of “Nation-Building in Turkey and Morocco” by Senem Aslan, International Journal of Middle East Studies 49 (4): 774-776 (2017)


6) Somer, Murat. "Barış Süreci ve Kürt Meselesi'nde Kimlik ve Dış Politika: Riskler ve Fırsatlar” (The Peace Process and Identity and Foreign Policy in the Kurdish Question) Ortadoğu Analiz 5 (57): 46–53 (2013)


5) Somer, Murat. "Sustainable Democratization and the Roles of the US and the EU: Political Islam and Kurdish Nationalism in TurkeyTurkish Policy Quarterly 5 (3): 89-108 (Fall 2006)"


4) Somer, Murat. “Demokratlığın Politik Ekonomisi: Inanılır Demokrasi, Düzenleyici Devlet, ve AB'li Küreselleşme.” (The Political Economy of Being A Democrat: Credible Democracy, Regulatory State, and Globalization with the EU). Doğu Batı 7 (28): 227-250. August 2004


3) Somer, Murat. "Looking Objectively at Rebels: The Political Economy of Violence, Kurdish Nationalism, and the PKK." Review of Primitive Rebels or Revolutionary Modernizers? by Paul White. Turkish Studies 5 (2), pp. 162-165. Summer 2004


2) Somer, Murat. “Insincere Public Discourse, Trust, and Implications for Democratic Transition The Yugoslav Meltdown RevisitedJournal for Institutional Innovation, Development and Transition 6, pp. 92-112. December 2002


1) Somer, Murat. “Collective Action or Madness?: Explaining Group Identities and Violence.” Review of Path to Collective Madness: A Study in Social Order and Political Pathology, by Dipak K. Gupta. Journal of Socio-Economics 31 (3): 318-322. September 2002



phd dissertation:


Somer, Murat. "Diversity vs. Unity: Causes and Dynamics of Ethnic Polarization."

Advisor: Timur Kuran



 Also see: Academia.edu  &  GoogleScholar